Quechuan is the native language spoken in the Andes and highlands of South America. There are only about 8-10 million people who can speak the language and about 13% of Peruvians speak the language. Peru has the most native speakers at about 4.5 million speakers. About 51% of Urubamba residents speak Quechuan as their first language. But it is the mostly known for being the main language of the Incas.